Web21/10/ · A footnote in Microsoft's submission to the UK's Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has let slip the reason behind Call of Duty's absence from the Xbox Game Pass library: Sony and Web26/10/ · Key Findings. California voters have now received their mail ballots, and the November 8 general election has entered its final stage. Amid rising prices and economic uncertainty—as well as deep partisan divisions over social and political issues—Californians are processing a great deal of information to help them choose state constitutional WebBinary Technologies. Binary Technologies is a IT consulting practice focused on engagements that help organizations leverage the power of Process Automation technology. We partner with our clients to identify opportunities for process improvement, reengineering, service delivery, accuracy, increased productivity and operational visibility Web20/10/ · That means the impact could spread far beyond the agency’s payday lending rule. "The holding will call into question many other regulations that protect consumers with respect to credit cards, bank accounts, mortgage loans, debt collection, credit reports, and identity theft," tweeted Chris Peterson, a former enforcement attorney at the CFPB who WebThink Again is a book about the benefit of doubt, and about how we can get better at embracing the unknown and the joy of being blogger.comce has shown that creative geniuses are not attached to one identity, but constantly willing to rethink their stances and that leaders who admit they don't know something and seek critical feedback lead more ... read more
Jump to ratings and reviews. Want to read. Rate this book. Think Again: The Power of Knowing What You Don't Know. Adam M. Goodreads Choice Award. Think Again is a book about the benefit of doubt, and about how we can get better at embracing the unknown and the joy of being wrong. Evidence has shown that creative geniuses are not attached to one identity, but constantly willing to rethink their stances and that leaders who admit they don't know something and seek critical feedback lead more productive and innovative teams.
New evidence shows us that as a mindset and a skilllset, rethinking can be taught and Grant explains how to develop the necessary qualities to do it. Section 1 explores why we struggle to think again and how we can learn to do it as individuals, arguing that 'grit' alone can actually be counterproductive.
Section 2 discusses how we can help others think again through learning about 'argument literacy'. And the final section 3 looks at how schools, businesses and governments fall short in building cultures that encourage rethinking.
In the end, learning to rethink may be the secret skill to give you the edge in a world changing faster than ever. Genres Nonfiction Psychology Self Help Business Audiobook Personal Development Leadership Loading interface In the reduced model, participants in the violent game conditions pulled the trigger at themselves or their partner more than participants in the nonviolent condition.
The effect was significant for the gun violence condition IRR, The ordering of adjusted medians across conditions was in the predicted direction ie, 3. In the full model, the gun IRR, 6. Table 4 presents the results of negative binomial regression models for the covariates. Self-reported exposure to violent media was positively associated with total trigger pulls IRR, 1. Predicted interest in guns was positively associated with total trigger pulls IRR, 2.
Having a stricter attitude toward guns was negatively associated with total trigger pulls IRR, 0. Children with at least 1 gun in the home were less likely to pull the trigger at themselves or their partners IRR, 0.
Children who had taken a firearm safety course pulled the trigger fewer times IRR, 0. In this study, playing a violent video game increased the likelihood that children would touch a real handgun, increased time spent holding a handgun, and increased pulling the trigger at oneself and others.
It did not influence total trigger pulls. While each of the outcomes point in the predicted direction, some were nonsignificant, perhaps because of insufficient statistical power. Compared with exposure to sword violence, exposure to gun violence produced larger effects in time spent holding a handgun and possibly pulling the trigger at oneself or others, suggesting that exposure to gun violence is different than exposure to other types of violence.
This may be because media violence with a gun more easily translates onto handling and shooting a real gun compared with other types of violence. These results are consistent with social learning theory 5 in that using a gun in the video game yielded positive outcomes ie, killing hostile monsters and opening more chests. Effects were not larger for video game players than for watchers, suggesting that modeling may be the underlying mechanism for the observed effects.
This study partially replicates the findings of the movie study by Dillon and Bushman. This study also found long-term effects of exposure to media violence—children who habitually consumed violent media were more likely to shoot at themselves or their partners independent of condition. Thus, although a single exposure to video game violence may only have short-term effects on dangerous behavior around guns, habitual exposure to violent media could also be a risk factor.
The findings were robust to demographic characteristics. Short-term and long-term effects were found for boys and girls, regardless of whether they played or watched the game. Other risk factors can also influence whether children engage in dangerous behavior around real guns. We controlled for some likely risk factors ie, sex, age, trait aggressiveness, violent media consumption, whether the participant had taken a firearm safety course, firearms in the home, attitudes toward guns, and interest in firearms , but there are many others we did not examine eg, developmental risk factors, low IQ score, living in a high-crime neighborhood, emotion regulation difficulties, impulsiveness, risk-taking tendencies.
We found that having taken firearm safety courses reduced some risky behavior around handguns, although a study 16 on the efficacy of these courses had mixed results. The results of this study were also mixed because children who had taken a firearm safety course pulled the trigger more times while pointing a handgun at themselves or their partner, although the effect was nonsignificant.
Additionally, children with guns in the home were less likely to engage in dangerous behaviors, which may reflect gun-owning parents or guardians teaching their children principles of firearm safety.
This study had limitations. Although we tried to mimic a real-world setting ie, finding a gun hidden in a drawer , this study was conducted in an artificial setting—a university laboratory. We predict even stronger effects might have been observed in more realistic settings for a variety of reasons. For example, participants might feel less inhibited in a home setting than in a laboratory setting, owing to both familiarity and to not being monitored. In addition, some participants thought the handguns were fake, stating that a researcher would not leave a real gun in a university laboratory.
Future research should replicate these findings in a more natural setting. Another limitation is that participants spanned a large and developmentally important age range. Age was significantly related to 2 outcome measures. However, the ages did not differ across conditions. Another limitation is that the Minecraft video game we used was not very violent eg, crude graphics, no blood and gore. Violence ratings for the violent conditions were lower than 2 on a scale of 0 to 4 Table 2. Also, the relatively short duration of gameplay may not have given time to reinforce learning via direct experience, potentially explaining the lack of differences between players and watchers.
A more violent game might yield stronger results. An additional limitation was using self-report data for several variables. It would be useful for future research to obtain reports from others eg, parents, teachers, peers.
It is well established that consumption of violent media increases aggression in children in both the short and long term. Our study highlights another danger of violent media exposure: it increases dangerous behavior around firearms. In addition, habitual exposure to violent media was a risk factor for dangerous behavior around real guns. As such, parents and guardians should be cognizant of the risk associated with exposure to violent media.
Most importantly, gun owners should secure their firearms. Published: May 31, doi: Correction: This article was corrected on June 28, , to indicate adjusted values in Table 3 and the Results section. Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. JAMA Network Open. Corresponding Author : Brad J. Bushman, PhD, School of Communication, The Ohio State University, Derby Hall, N Oval Mall, Columbus, OH bushman. Author Contributions: Mr Chang and Dr Bushman had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Both authors. Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Data Sharing Statement: See Supplement 3. Additional Contributions: Kelly Dillon helped set up this study, Larry Campbell and Joe Szymczak modified the handguns with digital counters, and Joyce Wang, PhD, provided statistical advice.
Che Bian, Jiahua Chen, Kunal Madan, Jennifer Patton, and Yi Luo helped with this study as research assistants. They are all affiliated with The Ohio State University, and none of them were compensated for their work. Scott Appel, MS, and Michael Kallan, MS, Biostatistics Analysis Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia , reviewed and performed the statistical analyses and were compensated. full text icon Full Text. Download PDF Comment.
Top of Article Key Points Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Conclusions Article Information References. Flow Diagram of Participants. View Large Download.
Table 1. Descriptive Statistics for Participant Covariates Stratified by Video Game Condition. Table 2. Table 3.
Statistics for Total Trigger Pulls, Pulling Trigger at Self or Partner, Touching a Handgun, and Seconds Holding a Handgun by Video Game Condition.
Table 4. Negative Binomial Regression Models a. Supplement 1. Trial Protocol and Statistical Analysis Plan. Supplement 2. Games and Guns Code and Output. Supplement 3. Data Sharing Statement. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Key gun violence statistics. Accessed August 17, Li G, Baker SP, DiScala C, Fowler C, Ling J, Kelen GD. Factors associated with the intent of firearm-related injuries in pediatric trauma patients. Azrael D, Cohen J, Salhi C, Miller M. Firearm storage in gun-owning households with children: results of a national survey.
Hemenway D, Solnick SJ. Children and unintentional firearm death. Bandura A. Social learning theory of aggression. x PubMed Google Scholar Crossref. Bushman BJ, Huesmann LR. Short-term and long-term effects of violent media on aggression in children and adults.
Dillon KP, Bushman BJ. Polman H, de Castro BO, van Aken MA. Huesmann LR, Moise-Titus J, Podolski CP, Eron LD. Entertainment Software Rating Board. The ESRB Rating System. Accessed July 20, The Classification and Rating Administration.
Guide to Ratings. Accessed April 17, Common Sense Media. Björkqvist K, Österman K, Kaukiainen A. The development of direct and indirect aggressive strategies in males and females.
In: Björgqvist K, Niemelä P eds. Of Mice and Women: Aspects of Female Aggression. San Diego, CA: Academic Press Inc; Shapiro JP, Dorman RL, Burkey WM, Welker CJ, Clough JB.
Development and factor analysis of a measure of youth attitudes toward guns and violence. Shapiro JP. Attitudes Toward Guns and Violence Questionnaire: Manual. Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Service; Hardy MS.
Teaching firearm safety to children: failure of a program. Anderson CA, Berkowitz L, Donnerstein E, et al. The influence of media violence on youth. Garbarino J, Bradshaw CP, Vorrasi JA. Mitigating the effects of gun violence on children and youth. Huesmann LR. The impact of electronic media violence: scientific theory and research.
Error in Results and in Table 3. See More About Pediatrics Firearms Violence Media and Youth. Sign Up for Emails Based on Your Interests Select Your Interests Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below. Get the latest research based on your areas of interest. Weekly Email. Monthly Email. Save Preferences.
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As a kid before I got more than a cap gun I got to see animals killed with guns and knives and axes to supplement parental guidance. First hand observation of weopon effect on living creatures leaves a lasting lesson. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None Reported. Frederick Rivara, MD, MPH University of Washington. With the latest mass shooting, we are all struggling to figure out how to reduce gun violence in the US. This study examines what most people are worried about- that children playing violent video games have more violent behavior and in this case risky behavior around guns.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST: Editor in Chief, JAMA Network Open. Supplemental Analyses: Whether Participants Pulled the Trigger of the Gun at Any Target and at Themselves or Another. Brad Bushman, Ph. The Ohio State University. Shooting the gun and shooting the gun while aiming at oneself or another can be analyzed in two different ways: the total number of trigger pulls or if a participant pulls the trigger at least once.
Because the former is continuous and the latter is binary, we reported the continuous analyses in the article. But it is also interesting to analyze whether participants decided to pull the trigger or not.
We report those binary analyses in this comment. The binary results were analyzed using a 3 gun vs. sword vs.
nonviolent X 2 pulled the trigger at least once vs. did not pull the trigger chi-square analysis. Pairwise comparisons were also conducted using chi-square tests. PULLED TRIGGER ANY TARGET Gun violence condition: 18 children pulled the trigger and 58 did not PULLED TRIGGER SELF OR ANOTHER Gun violence condition: 13 children pulled the trigger and 63 did not The two violent conditions did not differ from each other.
Importantly, both pairs were eliminated before we knew how they would impact our analyses and whether their results would support our hypotheses. Pair Although there were several pairs where one child held or fired the gun many times than the other child, there was only one pair where both children pulled the trigger more than 5 standard deviations above the mean.
Finally, this is also the only pair that includes an individual child who was above 5 standard deviations above the mean on all three outcomes. We excluded this pair before looking at the modeled output. Pair This pair was excluded because the coders said the children were acting crazy and were out of control e.
Two of the three coders recommended excluding them. Importantly, the three coders rated pairs independently and were blind to condition.
This pair was excluded before we knew what their data looked like or what condition they had been randomized into. In sum, these pairs of children were qualitatively different than any other pairs of children we tested, and we thought and still think they should be excluded from the analyses.
We suspect that most researchers would agree with our decision to exclude pair However, some researchers might disagree with our decision to exclude pair Thus, we re-ran all of the analyses with pair 70 included.
The statistical significance of findings changed for trigger pulls at self or another, but not for the other outcomes. These differences are noted below, and the analyses are uploaded to figshare and Dataverse. The basic pattern of results did not change. Joe Hilgard, PhD Illinois State University. The authors report an interesting experiment. However, I think they overinterpret and oversell the results. The published results inspect four outcomes: whether children touch the gun, how long they hold it, how many times they pull the trigger, and how many times they pull the trigger while the gun is pointed at somebody.
Of these, one is statistically significant, two are marginally significant, and one is flatly nonsignificant. However, the discussion considers these marginally significant results as though they were statistically significant.
In Vallejo, Governor Newsom signs sweeping climate measures into law With multiple oil refineries in the distance, the Governor signed the legislation alongside legislative leaders at the USDA Forest Service Regional Office on Mare Island, a facility powered by clean energy that also feeds the grid. Atkins D-San Diego.
We provided the tools industry needs to capture and store carbon before it hits the atmosphere. And we invested in critical infrastructure programs that will keep us firmly planted on the path to a greener future, while simultaneously creating jobs that will support families across the state. California has, and will continue to, lead the nation on not only addressing the worsening climate crisis, but finding proactive solutions. I look forward to working on additional climate change legislation with the Governor and the Senate.
We are just getting started. Last week, Governor Newsom signed legislation to help protect Californians from more frequent and severe heat waves driven by climate change. In a July letter to the Chair of the California Air Resources Board CARB , Governor Newsom called for the state to ensure that the Climate Change Scoping Plan provides a path to achieve both the climate goal and state carbon neutrality no later than , requesting that the final plan incorporate new efforts to advance offshore wind, clean fuels, climate-friendly homes, carbon removal and address methane leaks.
Establishes a setback distance of 3, feet between any new oil well and homes, schools, parks or businesses open to the public.
Ensures comprehensive pollution controls for existing oil wells within 3, feet of these facilities. CAPTURING AND REMOVING CARBON POLLUTION: SB by Senators Anna Caballero D-Merced and Nancy Skinner D-Berkeley and SB by Senator Monique Limón D-Santa Barbara advance engineered technologies to remove carbon pollution, while banning the use of those technologies for enhanced oil recovery.
Establishes a clear regulatory framework for carbon removal and carbon capture, utilization and sequestration. Bans the practice of injecting carbon dioxide for the purpose of enhanced oil recovery. Requires the state to develop an achievable carbon removal target for natural and working lands.
AB by Assemblymember Jesse Gabriel D-Encino — Resiliency Through Adaptation, Economic Vitality, and Equity Act of AB by Assemblymember Eloise Gómez Reyes D-Colton — Clean Transportation Program: project funding preferences. AB by Assemblymember Cristina Garcia D-Bell Gardens — Community emissions reduction programs: toxic air contaminants and criteria air pollutants. AB by Assemblymember Cristina Garcia D-Bell Gardens — California Global Warming Solutions Act of climate goal: natural and working lands.
AB by Assemblymember Cristina Garcia D-Bell Gardens — Solid waste. AB by Assemblymember Laura Friedman D-Glendale — Vehicles: bicycle omnibus bill.
AB by Assemblymember Robert Rivas D-Salinas — Organic waste: recovered organic waste product procurement targets. AB by Assemblymember Philip Ting D-San Francisco — Transportation electrification: electric vehicle charging infrastructure. AB by Assemblymember Philip Ting D-San Francisco — Energy: electric vehicle charging standards. AB by Assemblymember Robert Rivas D-Salinas — Water policy: environmental justice: disadvantaged and tribal communities.
AB by Assemblymember Tasha Boerner Horvath D-Encinitas — Clean energy: Labor and Workforce Development Agency: Deputy Secretary for Climate. AB by Assemblymember Ash Kalra D-San Jose — Natural resources: biodiversity and conservation report. AB by Assemblymember Christopher Ward D-San Diego — Public Utilities Commission: customer renewable energy subscription programs and the community renewable energy program.
AB by Assemblymember Jacqui Irwin D-Thousand Oaks — Responsible Battery Recycling Act of AB by Assemblymember Chris Holden D-Pasadena — Embodied carbon emissions: construction materials.
AB by Assemblymember Kevin Mullin D-South San Francisco — Sales and use taxes: exemptions: California Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project: transit buses.
AB by Assemblymember Kevin McCarty D-Sacramento — Transportation electrification: electrical distribution grid upgrades. AB by Assemblymember Eduardo Garcia D-Coachella — Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program: vehicle registration fees: California tire fee.
SB by Senator Scott Wiener D-San Francisco — Residential solar energy systems: permitting. SB by Senator Robert Hertzberg D-Van Nuys — Electricity: electrical transmission facilities. SB by Senator Josh Becker D-Menlo Park — Electricity: transmission facility planning. SB by Senator Anna Caballero D-Merced — Carbon sequestration: Carbon Capture, Removal, Utilization, and Storage Program.
SB by Senator Nancy Skinner D-Berkeley — Air pollution: state vehicle fleet. SB by Senator John Laird D-Santa Cruz — Clean Energy, Jobs, and Affordability Act of SB by Senator Nancy Skinner D-Berkeley — Energy: appliance standards and cost-effective measures. SB by Senator Nancy Skinner D-Berkeley — Hydrogen: green hydrogen: emissions of greenhouse gases. SB by Senator Anna Caballero D-Merced — California Renewables Portfolio Standard Program: bioenergy projects.
SB by Senator Lena Gonzalez D-Long Beach — Oil and gas: operations: location restrictions: notice of intention: health protection zone: sensitive receptors. SB by Senator John Laird D-Santa Cruz — California Global Warming Solutions Act of greenhouse gas emissions: dashboard.
SB by Senator Josh Becker D-Menlo Park — Retail electricity suppliers: emissions of greenhouse gases. SB by Senator Josh Becker D-Menlo Park — Net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases: state agency operations.
SB by Senator Ben Allen D-Santa Monica — Water rights: appropriation. SB by Senator Josh Newman D-Fullerton — Electronic Waste Recycling Act of covered battery-embedded products. SB by Senator Monique Limόn D-Santa Barbara — Zero-emission and near-zero-emission vehicle incentive programs: requirements.
SB by Senator Bob Archuleta D-Pico Rivera — Hydrogen-fueling stations: administrative approval. SB by Senator Monique Limόn D-Santa Barbara — Oil and gas: Class II injection wells: enhanced oil recovery. SB by Senator Ben Allen D-Santa Monica — Energy: petroleum pricing.
SB by Senator Lena Gonzalez D-Long Beach — Air pollution: Clean Cars 4 All Program: Sales and Use Tax Law: zero emissions vehicle exemption. Governor Newsom previously signed: AB by Assemblymember Lisa Calderon D-Whittier — Urban forestry: statewide strategic plan.
SB by Senator Robert Hertzberg D-Van Nuys — Electricity: eligible renewable energy or energy storage resources: transmission and interconnection.
Web31/05/ · But it is also interesting to analyze whether participants decided to pull the trigger or not. We report those binary analyses in this comment. The binary results were analyzed using a 3 (gun vs. sword vs. nonviolent) X 2 (pulled the trigger at least once vs. did not pull the trigger) chi-square analysis. Pairwise comparisons were also Web16/09/ · New California laws will create 4 million jobs, reduce the state’s oil use by 91%, cut air pollution by 60%, protect communities from oil drilling, and accelerate the state’s transition to clean Web21/10/ · A footnote in Microsoft's submission to the UK's Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has let slip the reason behind Call of Duty's absence from the Xbox Game Pass library: Sony and WebThink Again is a book about the benefit of doubt, and about how we can get better at embracing the unknown and the joy of being blogger.comce has shown that creative geniuses are not attached to one identity, but constantly willing to rethink their stances and that leaders who admit they don't know something and seek critical feedback lead more WebAbout Our Coalition. Prop 30 is supported by a coalition including CalFire Firefighters, the American Lung Association, environmental organizations, electrical workers and businesses that want to improve California’s air quality by fighting and preventing wildfires and reducing air pollution from vehicles WebBinary Technologies. Binary Technologies is a IT consulting practice focused on engagements that help organizations leverage the power of Process Automation technology. We partner with our clients to identify opportunities for process improvement, reengineering, service delivery, accuracy, increased productivity and operational visibility ... read more
View Correction. Descriptive Statistics. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? Statistical Analysis. While each of the outcomes point in the predicted direction, some were nonsignificant, perhaps because of insufficient statistical power.The most significant fear from progressive lawmakers and consumer groups is that the CFPB could see its resources chopped if left to the whims of Congress. Any Deadline - Any Subject. SB by Senator Anna Caballero D-Merced — Carbon sequestration: Carbon Capture, Removal, Utilization, and Storage Program. FREE Formatting. Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?